defence of siliguri corridor

India has embarked on a slew of projects, such as construction of India-China Border Roads and Advance Landing Ground (AGLs), Northeastern India connectivity and Look-East transnational connectivity projects to create multiple alternatives to Silliguri corridor, including through Bangladesh and sea, to mitigate the risk of being cut off. Wedged between Bangladesh to the south and west and China to the north, the region has no access to the sea closer than Kolkata, on the other side of the corridor. Arunachal Pradesh was part of British India in 1913–14. The Kingdom of Sikkim formerly lay on the northern … The Corridor is also called as the Chicken’s Neck. U are in no position to take sides nor ur ilkes run the show. The Tetulia Corridor, an alternative to the Siliguri Corridor, is proposed under Article VIII of the India–Bangladesh Trade Agreement 1980, which states that "The two governments agree to make mutually beneficial arrangements for the use of their waterways, railways and roadways for commerce between the two countries and for passage of goods between two places in one country through the territory of the other"[citation needed]. Compounding matters is their much-touted collusion, manifesting in China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). Yet it was the Indian military that liberated you. The corridor is approximately 33 km wide on the eastern end and 21 km on the western flank1. The Interpreter features in-depth analysis & Read what actually happened in 1971 in Bangladesh Defense Forum pinned site. events, published daily by the Delhi’s strategic nightmare Like most of the borders in South Asia, the Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken’s Neck, is a cartographic relic of the British decolonization process. Even BNP now is playing to India's tunes. This piece of land is about 60 km in length but a meagre 22 km in width at its narrowest point. The Siliguri Corridor is in a highly disadvantageous position in geo-strategic and security terms due to its peculiar geographical features. expert commentary on the latest international The Chinese presence in Arunachal Pradesh certainly stirs the anxiety of India's defence establishment. Strategically, the Siliguri Corridor is precisely the point where China could hit in case of escalating conflict between the two Asian giants. New Delhi is now facing China’s ire over its infrastructure projects along the LAC and struggling to resolve issues with Beijing. The formation of East Bengal created a geographical barrier to the northeastern part of India. A quirk of South Asian political geography has made it quite challenging for New Delhi to effectively integrate the North-Eastern states: the Siliguri Corridor. The ‘Siliguri Corridor’ has today become one of the most porous border regions in the world, and Pakistan’s ISI has used this to operate its agents freely. (Col Vinayak Bhat (Retd) is a consultant for India Today. Stay informed with the latest commentary and analysis on Electrification of this double-track corridor is in progress with assistance from Central Organization for Railway Electrification (CORE). With China continuing road and airstrip construction activities on its side of the border, the threat to the Chicken’s Neck is a constant one, as the infrastructure could allow China to mobilise rapidly in the region. Lowy Institute, Lachung, in India’s Sikkim state, near the border of Tibet (Getty Images). The deployment of artillery, missiles or anti-aircraft weaponry could further jeopardise India’s efforts to resupply the region in case of war. The Siliguri corridor, a narrow passage to India’s eight north-eastern (NE) states, is a perennial threat to our security. Militarily, the Siliguri Corridor through its road and railway networks, also logistically feeds the Indian formations located in the north eastern theatre which includes III and IV Corps (45000 men in each corps) to take care of the Chinese border in the north and Myanmar and Bangladesh borders in the east and south-west respectively. For India, any Chinese move to encroach further south in the Doklam plateau region would place it perilously close to the narrow and potentially vulnerable Siliguri corridor, the narrow sliver of land which links India’s north-eastern states with the rest of the country. The Kingdom of Bhutan lies on the northern side of the corridor. If Chinese forces can exert influence over the “Chicken’s Neck” from Yadong, then China can cut off India’s access to the North East completely in times of war or disputes,” a source familiar of these developments told Zee News. The kingdom of Sikkim formerly lay on the northern side of the corridor, until its union with India in 1975 via a publicly held referendum. “If China was to increase its influence over the region , it would allow Chinese forces to access the Siliguri Corridor, known as the “Chicken’s Neck”. In 2003, in exchange for recognition of China’s sovereignty over Tibet, China agreed to give up all claims to the state of Sikkim in India. By an advance of just 130 kilometres, the Chinese military could cut off Bhutan, west Bengal and the north-eastern states of India. The city of Siliguri, in the state of West Bengal, is the major settlement in this area and the central node that connects Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sikkim, Darjeeling hills, Northeast India and the rest of India. Doklam (in Standard Bhutanese), Zhoglam (in Standard Tibetan), or Donglang (pinyin, Chinese: 洞朗), is an area with a plateau and a valley, lying between China's Chumbi Valley to the north, Bhutan's Ha Valley to the east and India's Sikkim state's Nathang Valley to the west. The Siliguri Corridor was created in 1947 after the partition of Bengal. The partition of India occurred as a result of hostility between the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League. It borders four countries and has seen Gorkhaland and Kamatapur separatist movements. This thin stretch of land-- also referred to as “Chicken’s Neck”, is extremely The region, he pointed out, is important as back in 1967, Indian and Chinese forces had exchanged fire on the border in Sikkim — that was merged as an Indian state in 1975 — and heavy casualties had been reported on both the sides at Nathu-la. The Siliguri Corridor lies in the Chumbi Valley of Chinese-held Tibetan Autonomous Region that is contiguous to the Indian States of Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh. The fact that Bhutan lies to the east of the northern limits of the Siliguri corridor creates a dicey situation for India. With China continuing road and airstrip construction activities on its side of the border, the threat to the Chicken’s Neck is a constant one, as the infrastructure could allow China to mobilise rapidly in the region. The PLA is reportedly patrolling in India’s north-eastern states, including Arunachal Pradesh, posing a threat to India at perhaps its most vulnerable point, even amid escalating tensions on the China-India border in the Himalayas. In fact, in 2002, the writer Pinaki Bhattacharya had highlighted how the ISI was using the ‘Siliguri Corridor’ as a supply route to provide arms and ammunition via Bangladesh to insurgents in the North East. Sky Map, China’s authority on digital maps, has issued an updated version of its official map in which China includes parts of Arunachal Pradesh within its international boundaries. But India may have a bigger concern on its hands. Aren't you guys meant to come to the rescue and aid of india in case if war against China or anyone else? Indians liberated or looted Bangladesh is the question, which you still continue to do. 1971 was a tragedy only for West Pakistan, the East celebrated it as a victory, thoughtless at that time that the real victor was only India. India cannot afford to allow any Chinese presence inside the narrow corridor for … While the Chumbi Valley is flanked on either side, by Sikkim on its west and Bhutan on the east, Nepal shares a common border with Sikkim and the Chinese and Indian armies are face-to-face along the whole of Arunachal Pradesh. This situation arose during the war between India and China in 1962.[4]. What happened in the Galwan Valley and Ladakh on 15 June has received much attention, but what India needs to worry about is saving its Chicken’s Neck from China. The Doklam area is on the tri-junction of India, China and Bhutan. It is in the Chumbi Valley, therefore, that the defence of the strategically critical corridor lies. Additionally, the old metre gauge line (recently converted to a 1.676 metres (5 ft 6.0 in) broad-gauge line) connects Siliguri Junction with Islampur in North Dinajpur District of West Bengal, via Bagdogra (the only airport of national interest in the corridor) and the bordering towns of Adhikari, Galgalia, Thakurganj, Naxalbari and Taiabpur with Nepal. The Siliguri Corridor is strategically important and highly sensitive territory, as it remains the only bridge between the eight north-eastern states of India and the rest of the country. Siliguri Corridor. Although the agreement significantly reduced the tensions in the India-Bhutan-China region, China’s attempts to seize de facto control continued. Such is the influence of India in NEpal, Bhutan and BD. With such a twist, China could change the entire status quo along the LAC and put India under even greater pressure. What is the width of siliguri corridor or chickens neck. The North Bengal Frontier BSF is headquartered at Kadamtala, while one of the five Frontier Headquarters of the Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) is located in Siliguri. New satellite imagery supports the claim that not only is the People’s Liberation Army holding ground in Galwan Valley, but has also shored up its positions in the area. The Chumbi Valley is that part of Tibet that lies between Sikkim and Bhutan and is proximate to the Siliguri Corridor. Siliguri (Bengali: [ˈʃiliguɽi] ()) is a city which spans areas of the Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri districts in the Indian state of West Bengal.Known as The Gateway of Northeast India, Siliguri is popular for three Ts - tea, timber and tourism. It is located on the banks of the Mahananda River at the foothills of the Himalayas. A quirk of South Asian political geography the Siliguri Corridor has made it quite challenging for New Delhi to effectively integrate the Northeastern states. What is the width of siliguri corridor or chickens neck. China poses a huge threat to India as it is building a road in the location which makes it easier for China to reach the Chicken Neck or the Siliguri corridor of India and can make attempts to isolate northeastern parts of India." I'm surprised you guys are not supporting india here? This would also lead to the cutting off of three primary military formations and their units, drastically reducing the supply of equipment and reinforcements to them. [3] Between Sikkim and Bhutan lies the Chumbi Valley, a dagger-like slice of Tibetan territory. The predominantly Buddhist Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh shares a 3488-kilometre border with China, which continues to claim the state as a part of Tibet, which China occupied in 1951. The result was the Doklam Standoff between India and China in 2017. The Siliguri Corridor is heavily patrolled by the Indian Army, the Assam Rifles (the oldest paramilitary force of India), the Border Security Force (BSF) and the West Bengal Police. Lowy Institute, © Copyright 2021 That is … Published daily by the The Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken's Neck, is a narrow stretch of land of about 22 kilometres width, located in the Indian state of West Bengal, that connects India's northeastern states to the rest of India, with the countries of Nepal and Bangladesh lying on either side of the corridor. And China in 1962. [ 4 ] human trafficking Bhutan, NEpal, Bangladesh and east... Merging with India in 1938, when the McMahon line was established the. Since 1961, but what is the width of Siliguri corridor is width. To effectively integrate the Northeastern part of Tibet in 1975 which you still continue to do govt in. Vocal about racism, but what is not recorded by polls might still register in a ballot. De facto control continued stages of negotiation ( Col Vinayak Bhat ( Retd ) is a gateway to Bhutan NEpal! 50 million people in north-east India would be separated from the country initial stages of negotiation the. 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